APN stands for Access Point Name and allows a device’s network to connect to the internet. With the APN settings in place, your device builds a connection to a carrier’s gateway. Part of this process involves the carrier using a defined APN network to choose the assigned IP address(s) and security settings where applicable.
You can manually add an access point name to IoT devices by adding the network’s information. Without the proper information, your device can lose some of its capabilities, including some of the most important for IoT devices like not being able to send information to its central hub. Since this capability is at the heart of IoT solutions, adding an APN is important.
Here’s an example of an APN:
Types of APNs
Now we’ve covered what an access point name is generally, but what is a private access point name? There are two types of APNs: those that connect to the public internet and those that connect to private internet. Dynamic IP addresses can change with each data session, while static IP addresses are claimed by one device.
This is what most people refer to when discussing APNs.
Public APN with Static IP
This uses a static IP address instead of dynamic.
With a private APN, the device can be connected to an internal APN network through a gateway/VPN.
Private APN with Static IP
In this case, the gateway/VPN assigns the device a private static IP address.
What’s the Difference Between APN and VPN?
Sometimes private access point names are mistaken for Virtual Private Networks (VPNs). However, a VPN has different security measures than a private APN. Private APNs allow you to rely on certain private IPs to protect your information. On the other hand, a VPN has capabilities to protect information that is being transferred across a public network.
Benefits of a Private APN for IoT Security
You can protect which devices have access to your information through a private APN. With this private APN, only SIMs or devices with the programmed and defined APN can have access to soliciting service from the defined servers/endpoints via the internet.
Note: APNs can be configured to have defined Authentication settings for greater security such as NULL, ANY, or Defined. If “Defined”, the User Name and Password must be entered.
How do I Add or Change My IoT Device’s APN?
Most IoT devices with SIM cards, including a mobile phone, require you to manually add the APN and other setting information. Based on device type and carrier, provided the APN isn’t hard coded on the device, and if the APN field is left blank, Dynamic APN might be an option that will auto-populate the respective access point name based on how the SIM is defined in the carrier account settings.
Here are the steps:
1. First, find the name of your carrier’s APN on their website (or managed account)
Typically the page with their APN’s name will also give you information on other settings, such as:
If you should enable data roaming
Carriers might include miscellaneous configuration notes, so read through the whole page to make sure you understand all the settings. If you’re using SIMON IoT connectivity, you can find your APN in the portal.
2. Second, on your IoT device, navigate to the APN settings.
If you struggle to find the settings area, turn to the device’s instruction manual or the device’s manufacturer for help.
3. Add the carrier’s settings to your device.
Make sure you enter in all the information exactly as it appears from your carrier.
4. Change the access point name.
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