So, what is an APN? An Access Point Name (APN) a allows device’s network to connect to the internet. With the APN settings in place, your device builds a connection to a carrier’s gateway. Part of this process involves the carrier using a defined APN network to choose the assigned IP address(s) and security settings where applicable.
You can manually add an access point name to IoT devices by adding the network’s information. Without the proper information, your device can lose some of its capabilities, including some of the most important for IoT devices. For instance, the device might not be able to send information to its central hub. Since this capability is at the heart of IoT solutions, adding an APN is important.
As connected devices have become more widespread, OEMs, VARs, and Distributors can choose whichever carrier they’d like. It also allows them to switch more easily between one carrier and another. To gain access to a carrier’s internet capabilities, you need to properly input the settings.
Now we’ve covered what an APN is in general, but what is a private APN? There are two general types of APNs: those that connect to the public internet and those that connect to private internet. You’ll also notice that static and dynamic IP addresses play a role in public and private APNs. Dynamic IP addresses can change with each data session, while static IP addresses are claimed by one device.
This is what most people refer to when discussing APNs.
This uses a static IP address instead of dynamic.
With a private APN, the device can be connected to an internal APN network through a gateway/VPN.
In this case, the gateway/VPN assigns the device a private static IP address.
Sometimes private APNs are mistaken for Virtual Private Networks (VPNs). However, a VPN has different security measures than a private APN. Private APNs allow you to rely on certain private IPs to protect your information (via NAT – Network Address Translation). On the other hand, a VPN has capabilities to protect information that is being transferred across a public network.
You can protect which devices have access to your information through a private APN. With this private APN, only SIMs ordevices with the programmed and defined APN can have access to soliciting service from the defined servers/endpoints via the internet. You can’t have a private APN without a VPN tunnel to handle the traffic. Otherwise, your carrier would just be recreating a private network for every customer that asked.
There are also dedicated access point names for IoT devices which are different from the APN that a consumer device would use. An IoT device’s APN separates the traffic. Although, it would still be shared across all IoT users for the specific carrier.
Note: APNs can be configured to have defined Authentication settings for greater security such as NULL, ANY, or Defined. If “Defined”, the User Name and Password must be entered.
Most IoT devices, including a mobile phone, require you to manually add the APN and other setting information. Based on device type and carrier, provided the APN isn’t hard coded on the device, and if the APN field is left blank, Dynamic APN might be an option that will auto-populate the respective access point name based on how the SIM is defined in the carrier account settings.
Typically the page with their APN’s name will also give you information on other settings, such as:
Carriers might include miscellaneous configuration notes, so read through the whole page to make sure you understand all the settings. If you’re using SIMON IoT connectivity, you can find your APN in the portal.
If you struggle to find the settings area, turn to the device’s instruction manual or the device’s manufacturer for help.
Make sure you enter in all the information exactly as it appears from your carrier.
Whether you’re new to using IoT devices or looking to boost your network’s security, knowing what an APN is and how to use it can be extremely beneficial.
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